Fact Sheets

Season 5, Ep 7 - Salads


·Fruit and Vegetables are the best source of a range of micro nutrients.They provide us with fibre, vitamins and minerals.

·Dark, leafy greens have unique properties which may help lower the risk of diabetes.

·Greens with darker leaves generally contain more nutrients.

·Puha and watercress may be especially good at fighting cancer.

·Over a third of New Zealanders aren’t eating enough vegetables.

·The Ministry of Health recommends we eat at least 5 servings of fruit and veges every day.Scientific studies suggest we should have more like 7 to 9 servings of fruit and vegetables to get the true beneficial effects.

·One serving of fruit or vegetables is the amount you can fit in your own hand.

·If you don’t eat enough fruit and veges you are putting yourself at risk of chronic diseases including heart disease, cancer and diabetes.

·Carotenoids are fat soluble, therefore salad dressing or another fat source such as meat or avocado should enhance their absorption.

·To reduce bacteria on salad, wash it before eating.

·Gases like nitrogen in bagged salads make the lettuce breathe more slowly which means it won’t brown as easily and will last longer.

·Instead of blanket spraying, growers often use crop scouters who manually check for insect infestations and fungi.

·According to the Ministry for Primary Industries, there are over 349 different types of chemicals used in NZ pesticides.

·Dimethoate and Chlorpyrifos are two organophosphate pesticides being used in New Zealand that the Pesticide Action Group would like to see banned.

·MPI have found in their latest study that residues of organophosphate pesticides found in our food are well below acceptable daily intakes.

·Chlorpyrifos can bind to enzymes and stay much longer in the body than other pesticides. However, it can be peeled off vegetables and fruit.

·Many of the new pesticides are known as systemic and are absorbed into the plant and therefore can’t be washed off.

·If a vegetable is still firm, most of the nutrients will still be present, but limpness and yellowing indicates that the nutrients are disappearing.

·Slimy salad leaves should also be thrown out because bacteria thrive in wet conditions.

·Hydroponics is a method of growing plants without soil using mineral nutrient water.

·Some plants contain natural toxins that they use to protect themselves again insects and fungi. Some natural fungicides may be more harmful than the ones farmers use.

·Experts believe the benefits of eating salad are much greater than the risk of the pesticides or natural toxins in it.

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